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Oreochromis

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120px-LogoWIKISPECIES01.png lot. Oreochromis
Oreochromismossambicus.jpg
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Oreochromis Pellegrin 1904, daugiaspalvių ešeržuvų (Cichlidae) šeimos gentis.

Išvaizda Redaguoti

Biologija Redaguoti

Mityba Redaguoti

Paplitimas Redaguoti

Paplitusios Afrikoje.

Gentyje daugiau nei 30 rūšių.

Rūšys Redaguoti

  1.  ? Oreochromis alcalica Hilgendorf, 1905
  2.  ? Oreochromis amphimelas Hilgendorf, 1905
  3. Tridėmė tilapija - Oreochromis andersonii Castelnau, 1861
  4.  ? Oreochromis angolensis Trewavas, 1973
  5. Mėlynoji tilapija, auksinis chromis - Oreochromis aureus Steindachner, 1864
  6.  ? Oreochromis chungruruensis Ahl, 1924
  7.  ? Oreochromis esculentus Graham, 1928
  8.  ? Oreochromis grahami Boulenger, 1912
  9. Čalos tilapija - Oreochromis hunteri Albert Günther, 1889
  10.  ? Oreochromis ismailiaensis Mekkawy, 1995
  11.  ? Oreochromis jipe Lowe, 1955
  12. Karomo chromis - Oreochromis karomo Poll, 1948
  13.  ? Oreochromis karongae Trewavas, 1941
  14. Korogvės tilapija - Oreochromis korogwe Lowe, 1955
  15.  ? Oreochromis latilabris Seegers, Tichy, 1999
  16.  ? Oreochromis lepidurus Boulenger, 1899
  17. Raudonakis chromis - Oreochromis leucostictus Trewavas, 1933
  18.  ? Oreochromis lidole Trewavas, 1941
  19. Ilgapelekė tilapija - Oreochromis macrochir Boulenger, 1912
  20.  ? Oreochromis malagarasi Trewavas, 1983
  21. Karibos tilapija - Oreochromis mortimeri Trewavas, 1966
  22. Mozambikinis chromis - Oreochromis mossambicus Peters, 1852
  23.  ? Oreochromis mweruensis Trewavas, 1983
  24.  ? Oreochromis ndalalani Seegers, Tichy, 1999
  25. Nilinis chromis - Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1758 [8]
    1.  ? Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis Trewavas, 1983
    2.  ? Oreochromis niloticus cancellatus Nichols, 1923
    3.  ? Oreochromis niloticus eduardianus Boulenger, 1912
    4.  ? Oreochromis niloticus filoa Trewavas, 1983
    5.  ? Oreochromis niloticus niloticus Linnaeus, 1758
    6.  ? Oreochromis niloticus sugutae Trewavas, 1983
    7.  ? Oreochromis niloticus tana Seyoum, Kornfield, 1992
    8.  ? Oreochromis niloticus vulcani Trewavas, 1933
  26.  ? Oreochromis pangani Lowe, 1955 [2]
    1.  ? Oreochromis pangani girigan Lowe, 1955
    2.  ? Oreochromis pangani pangani Lowe, 1955
  27.  ? Oreochromis placidus Trewavas, 1941 [2]
    1. Juodoji tilapija - Oreochromis placidus placidus Trewavas, 1941
    2.  ? Oreochromis placidus ruvumae Trewavas, 1966
  28.  ? Oreochromis rukwaensis Hilgendorf, Pappenheim, 1903
  29.  ? Oreochromis saka Lowe, 1953
  30.  ? Oreochromis salinicola Poll, 1948
  31.  ? Oreochromis schwebischi Sauvage, 1884
  32.  ? Oreochromis shiranus Boulenger, 1897 [2]
    1.  ? Oreochromis shiranus chilwae Trewavas, 1966
    2.  ? Oreochromis shiranus shiranus Boulenger, 1897
  33.  ? Oreochromis spilurus Albert Günther, 1894 [3]
    1.  ? Oreochromis spilurus niger Albert Günther, 1894
    2.  ? Oreochromis spilurus percivali Boulenger, 1912
    3.  ? Oreochromis spilurus spilurus Albert Günther, 1894
  34.  ? Oreochromis squamipinnis Albert Günther, 1864
  35. Tanganikos chromis - Oreochromis tanganicae Albert Günther, 1894
  36.  ? Oreochromis upembae Thys van den Audenaerde, 1964
  37.  ? Oreochromis urolepis Norman, 1922 [2]
    1.  ? Oreochromis urolepis hornorum Trewavas, 1966
    2.  ? Oreochromis urolepis urolepis Norman, 1922
  38. Viktorijos tilapija - Oreochromis variabilis Boulenger, 1906

Literatūra Redaguoti

  • Axelrod, H.R., 1993. The most complete colored lexicon of cichlids. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, Nova Jersey, Estats Units.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN: 0-940228-23-8. 1990.
  • Goldstein, R.J.: Cichlids of the world.T.F.H. Publications Inc. Neptune City, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 1988.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, Estats Units, 1997.
  • Konings, A., 1990. Ad Konings's book of cichlids and all the other fishes of Lake Malawi. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, Nova Jersey, Estats Units.
  • Konings, A. 2001. Malawi Cichlids in their natural habitat. Cichlid Press, Estats Units. 3a. edició.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3a. edició. Nova York, Estats Units: John Wiley and Sons. Any 1994.
  • Römer U.: Cichliden Atlas, Bd. 1. Melle. 1311 p. Any 1998.
  • Snoeks, J. & M. Hanssens 2004: Identification guidelines to other non-mbuna. Pp. 266-310 a: Snoeks, J. (ed). The cichlid diversity of Lake Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa: identification, distribution and taxonomy. Cichlid Press, El Paso, Texas, Estats Units: 1-360.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.

Nuorodos Redaguoti

Sinonimai Redaguoti

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Sistematika Redaguoti

  dar 155 šeimos  
      47 rūšys
  Būrys
Ešeržuvės
(Perciformes)
    Gentis
(Oreochromis)
 
           
  Klasė
Kaulinės žuvys
(Osteichthyes)
    Šeima
Daugiaspalvės ešeržuvės
(Cichlidae)
   
         
  dar 45 būriai   dar 214 genčių